Главная страница

Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers 1996 Mahwah, New Jersey 4-е международное издание Издательство Питер 2000 г. Эта книга


Скачать 2.71 Mb.
НазваниеLawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers 1996 Mahwah, New Jersey 4-е международное издание Издательство Питер 2000 г. Эта книга
АнкорKhalpern_D__Psikhologia_kriticheskogo_myshlenia.pdf
Дата20.02.2018
Размер2.71 Mb.
Формат файлаpdf
Имя файлаKhalpern_D_Psikhologia_kriticheskogo_myshlenia.pdf
оригинальный pdf просмотр
ТипКнига
#37749
страница52 из 52
Каталогid128793915

С этим файлом связано 57 файл(ов). Среди них: Pechat_Bafometa_6_Sataninskiy_zhurnal.pdf, Levi_E_Istoria_magii_Obryady_ritualy_i_tainstva.pdf, Nekronomikon.pdf, Daniel_Defoe_-_Compleat_System_of_Magick_or_The_History_of_the_B, Maria-Luiza_fon_Frants_Proritsanie_i_sinkhronia.pdf, Lyuis_-_Taro_Prosto_i_ponyatno.pdf и ещё 47 файл(а).
Показать все связанные файлы
1   ...   44   45   46   47   48   49   50   51   52
& R. R. Cocking (Eds.), Blueprints for thinking: The role of planning in cognitive development (pp. 469-
511). Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
Covington M. V., Crutchfield R. S., Davies L. В., 01-ton R. M., Jr. (1974). The productive thinking program. Columbus, OH: Charles E. Merrill.
Craik F. I. M., Salthouse T. A. (Eds.). (1992). The handbook of aging and cognition. Hillsdale, NJ:
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Crovitz H. F. (1970). Calton's walk: Methods for the analysis of thinking, intelligence and creativity.
New York: Harper & Row.
Crutchfield R. S. (1966). Creative thinking in children: Its teaching and testing. In O. G. Brim, Jr., R. S.
Crutchfield & W. H. Holtzman (Eds.), Intelligence: Perspectives 1965, The Terman.Otis Memorial
Lectures. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World.
Dahlstrom G. W. (1993). Tests: Small samples, large consequences. American Psychologist, 48(4), 393-
399.
Darner Т . E. (1987). Attacking faulty reasoning (2nd ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
d'Angelo E. (1971). The teaching of critical thinking. Amsterdam: Gruner.
DavisG.A.,Roweton W. (1968). Using idea checklists with college students: Overcoming resistance.
Journal of Psychology, 70, 221-226.
Davis G. A., & Scott J. A. (Eds.). (1971). Training creative thinking. New York: Holt, Rinehart &
Winston.
Dawes R. M. (1979). The robust beauty of improper linear models in decision making. American
Psychologist, 34, 571-582.
Dawes R. M. (1988). Rational choice in an uncertain world. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich.
Dawes R. M. (1989). Experience and validity of clinical judgment: The illusory correlation. Behavioral
Sciences and the Law, 7, 457-467.
Dawes R. M. (1993, June 9). Finding guidelines for tough decisions. The Chronicle of Higher Education,
p. A40.
Dawes R. M. (1994). House of cards: Psychology and psychotherapy built on myth. New York: The Free
Press.
Day R. S., Rodin G. C, Stoltzfus E. R. (1990, March 31). Alternative representations for medication instructions: Effects on young and old adults. Paper presented at the 3rd Cognitive Aging Conference,
Atlanta.
DeBono E. (1967). The use of lateral thinking. London: Ebenezer Bayles and Son, Limited.
DeBono.E. (1968). New think: The use of lateral thinking in the generation of new ideas. New York:
Basic Books.
DeBono. E. (1976). Teaching thinking. London: Temple Smith.
DeBono. E. (1977). Information processing and new ideas — lateral and vertical thinking. In S. J. Par- nes R. B. Noller & A. M. Biondi (Eds.), Guide to creative action: Revised edition of creative behavior guidebook. New York: Scribner's.
DeBono E. (1991). Teaching thinking. London: Penguin.
DecykB. N. (1994). Using examples to teach concepts. In D. F. Halpern (Ed.) Changing college classrooms: New teaching and learning strategies for an increasingly complex world (pp. 39-63). San
Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
deGroot, A. A. (1983). Heuristics, mental programs, and intelligence. In R. Groner M. Groner, & W. F.
Bis-chof (Eds.), Methods of heuristics (pp. 109-129). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

deGroot A. D. (1966). Perception and memory versus thought: Some old ideas and recent findings. In B.
Kleinmuntz (Ed.), Problem solving: Research, method and theory. New York: Wiley.
De Lopez R. S. (1992, June 16). Promote thinking, say university leaders. The News, Mexico City, p. B4.
Dember W. N., Jenkins J. J., Teyler T. (1984). General psychology (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence
Erlbaum Associates.
Derry S., Levin J. /?., Schauble L. (1995). Stimulating statistical thinking through situated simulations. In
D. F. Halpern & S. G. Nummedal (Eds.), Psychologists teach critical thinking [Special issue]. Teaching of
Psychology, 22, 51-57.
Dewey J. (1933). How we think: A restatement of the relation of reflective thinking to the educative process. Boston: Heath.
Doolittle J. H. (1995). Using riddles and interactive computer games to teach problem solving. In D. F.
Halpern & S. G. Nummedal (Eds.), Psychologists teach critical thinking [Special Issue], Teaching of
Psychology, 22, 33-36.
Domer D. (1983). Heuristics and cognition in complex systems. In R. Groner, M. Groner, & W. F.
Bischof (Eds.), Methods of heuristics (pp. 89-107). Hills-dale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Dreman D. (1979). Contrarian investment strategy: The psychology of the stock market success. New
York: Random House.
Duncan С . P. (1961). Attempts to influence performance on an insight problem. Psychological Reports,
9, 35-42.
Duncker K. (1945). On problem solving. Psychological Monographs (Whole No. 270).
Eagly A., Chaiken S. (1993). The psychology of attitudes. New York: Harcourt Brace.
Edwards J., & Baldauf В., Jr. (1987). The effects of the CORT.l thinking skills program on students. In
D. N. Perkins, I. Lockhead, & J. Bishop (Eds.), Thinking: The second international conference (pp. 453-
473). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Ekman P. (1992). Telling lies: Clues to deceit in the marketplace, politics and marriage. New York:
Norton.
Evans J. St. В . Т. (1989). Bias m human reasoning. Causes and consequences. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence
Erlbaum Associates.
Evans J. St. B. T.,Newstead,S.E. (1993). Human reasoning: The psychology of deduction. Hillsdale, NJ:
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Eylon В ., Linn M. С (1988. Fall). Learning and instruction: An examination of four research perspectives in science education. Review of Educational Research, pp. 251-301.
Facione P. (1991, August). Teaching college-level critical thinking skills. Paper presented at the 11th
Annual International Conference on Critical Thinking and Educational Reform, Sonoma, CA.
Ferguson G. (1981). Architecture. In N. L. Smith (Ed.). Metaphors for evolution: Soureces of new methods. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Festinger L. (Ed.). (1964). Conflict, decision and dissonance. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
Festinger I., Riecken И . W., Schacter, S. (1956). When prophecy fails. Minneapolis: University of
Minnesota Press.
Feyerabend P. (1975). Against method. London: Verso.
Feynman R. (1989). What do you care what other people think? New York: Bantam.
Finke R. A., Ward Т. В ., Smith S. M. (1992). Creative cognition: Theory, research, and applications.
Cambridge, MA: Bradford.
Fischer G. W., Johnson E. J. (1986). Behavioral decision theory and political decision making. In R. R.
Lau & D. O. Soars (Eds.), The 19th Annual Carnegie Symposium on Cognition: Political Cognition (pp 55-
65) Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Fischoff B. (1975). Hindsight^foresight: The effect of outcome knowledge on Judgment under uncertainty. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 1, 288-299.
Fischhoff B. (1993, March/April). Controversies over risk: Psychological perspective on competence.
Psychological Science Agenda, 6, 8-9.
Fischoff В ., Lichtenstein S., Slouic P., Derby S. L, Keeney R. L. (1981). Acceptable risk. Cambridge,
England: Cambridge University Press.
Fisher R., Ury W. (1991). Getting to «yes»: Negotiating agreement without giving in (2nd ed.). New
York: Penguin.
Fiske S. T. (1993). Controlling other people: The impact of power on stereotyping. American
Psychologist, 48, 621-628.
Fiske S. T, Taylor S. E. (1984). Social cognition. New York: Random House. Fixx J F. (1978). Solve it.
New York: Doubleday
Flesph /?. (1951). The art of clear thinking. New York: Harper & Row.
Fogelin R. J. (1987). Understanding arguments, an introduction to informal logic (3rd ed.). New York:
Harcourt Brace.

Fong G. Т ., Krantz D., Nisbett R. E. (1986). The effects of statistical training on thinking about everyday problems. Cognitive Psychology, 18, 253-292.
Fong G. Т ., Nisbett. R. E. (1991). Immediate and delayed transfer of training effects in statistical reasoning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Leanning and Cognition. 120, 34-45.
Footnotes. (1994, April 20). The Chronicle of Higher Education.
Fox L. S., Marsh G., Crandall Jr., J. С (1983, April 30). The effect of college classroom experiences on formal operational thinking. Paper presented at the 1983 Annual Convention of the Western Psychological
Association, San Francisco.
Frammolino R. (1993, December 17). Most college GEDs fail simple tests, study finds. The Los Angeles
Times, pp. A41, A43.
Frazier K. (Ed.). (1991). The hundredth monkey and other paradigms of the paranormal. Buffalo, NY:
Prometheus.
Friedman S. L., Scholnick E. K., Cocking R. R. (Eds.). (1987). Blueprints for thinking: The role of planning jn cognitive development. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
Fruzzetti A. E., Toland K., Teller S. A., Loftus E. A. (1992). Memory and eyewitness testimony. In M. M.
Gruneberg and P. E. Morris (Eds.), Aspects of memory: The practical aspects (Vol. 1) 2nd ed. New York:
Routledge.
Gardner И . (1982). Art, mind and brain: A cognitive approach to creativity. New York: Basic Books.
Gardner H. (1983). Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences. New York Basic Books.
Gardner H. (1985). The mind's new science: A history of the cognitive revolution. New York: Basic
Books.
Gardner H. (1989). To open minds. New York: Basic Books.
Gardner H. (1993). Creating minds: An anatomy of creativity seen through the lives of Freud, Einstein,
Picasso, Stravinsky, Eliot, Graham, and Gandhi. New York- Basic Books.
GarfieldJ.,Ahlgren,A. (1988). Difficulties in learning basic concepts in probability and statistics:
Implications for research. Journal [or Research in Mathematics Education, 19(1), 44-63.
Garnham A., Oakhill J. (1994). Thinking and reasoning. Oxford, England: Blackwe.
Geiselman R. E., & Fisher R. P. (1985, December). Interviewing victims and witnesses of crime.
Research in Brief, National Institute of justice, 1-4.
Gentner D., Gentner D. R. (1983). Flowing water or teeming crowds: Mental models of electricity. In D.
Centner & A. L. Stevens (Eds.), Mental models. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Gerbner G., Grass L., Morgan M., Signorielli N. (1980). Violence profile No. 11: Trends in network television drama and viewer conceptions of social reality. Philadelphia: Annennberg School of
Communication.
Gick M. I., Holyoak K. (1980). Analogical problem solving. Cognitive Psychology, 12, 306-355.
Gifford-Jones W. (1977). What every woman should know about hysterectomy. New York: Funk &
Wagnalls.
Gilbreth F.B.(\ 963). Cheaper by the dozen. New York: Crowell.
Gilhooly K. J. (1987). Mental modeling: A framework for the study of thinking. In D. N. Perkins, J.
Loch-head. & J. Bishop (Eds.), Thinking: The second international conference (pp. 19-32). Hillsdale, NJ:
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Gillette R. (1987, December 4). Exotic ways to learn doubted by U.S. study. The Wall Street Journal. pp.
1,32.
Gilovich T. (1991). How we know what isn't so: The fallibility of human reason in everyday life. New
York: Macmillan.
Glaser R. (1984). Education and thinking: The role of knowledge. American Psychologist, 39,93-104.
Glaser R. (1992). Expert knowledge and processes of thinking. In D. F. Halpern (Ed.), Enhancing thinking skills in the sciences and mathematics (pp. 63-76). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Glucksberg S., Weisberg R. W. (1966). Verbal behavior and problem solving: Some effects of labeling in a functional fixedness problem. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71, 659-664.
Goleman D., Kaufman P., Ray M. (1993). The creative spirit. New York: Penguin.
Gordon W. J. J. (1961). Synectics. New York: Harper & Row.
Gordon W. J. J. (1976). Metaphor and invention. In A. Rothenberg & С R. Hausman (Eds.), The creativity Question. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Govier T. (1985). A practical study of argument. Bel-mont, CA: Wadsworth.
Gray W. (1991). Thinking critically about new age ideas. Belmont. CA: Wadsworth.
Greeno J. G. (1973). The structure of memory and the process of solving problems. In R. L. Solso (Ed.),
Contemporary issues in cognitive psychology. Washington DC: Winston.
Greeno J. G. (1992). Mathematical and scientific thinking in classrooms and other situations. In D. F,
Halp-ern (Ed.), Enhancing thinking skills in the sciences and mathematics (pp. 39-62). Hillsdale, NJ:
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Griffiths D.HAl 976). Physics teaching: Does it hinder intellectual development? American Journal of
Physics, 44, 81-85.
Gruneberg M., Morris P. (Eds.), (1992). Aspects of memory; The practical aspects. (Vol. 1) 2nd. ed.
New York: Routledge.
Cuilford J. P. (1977). Way beyond the IQ. Buffalo, NY: Creative Education Foundation.
Gunther M. (1977). The luck factor. New York: Mac-millan. Hadamard, J. (1954). The psychology of invention in the mathematical field. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Hains A. A., Hains A. H. (1987). The effects of a cognitive strategy intervention on the problem solving abilities of delinquent youths. Journal of Adolescence, 10,399-413.
Halpern D. F. (1985). The influence of sex role stereotypes on prose recall. Sex Roles, 12, 363-375.
Halpern D. F. (1987a). Analogies as a critical thinking skill. In D. Berger, K. Peydek, & W. Banks
(Eds.), Applications of cognitive psychology: Computing and education (pp. 75-86). Hillsdale, NJ:
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Halpern D. F. (1987b). Thinking across the disciplines: Methods and strategies to promote higher.order thinking in every classroom. In M. Heiman & J. Slomianko (Eds.), Thinking skills instruction: Concepts and techniques (pp. 69-76). Washington, DC; National Education Association.
Halpern D. F. (1992). Sex differences in cognitive abilities (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum
Associates.
Halpern D. F. (Ed.). (1994). Changing college classrooms: New teaching and learnng strategies for an increasingly complex world. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Halpern D. F. (in press). The skewed logic of The Bell Curve. Skeptic.
Halpern D. F., Blackman S. (1985). Magazines vs. physicians. The influence of information source on intentions to use oral contraceptives. Women and Health, 10, 9-23.
Halpern D. F., Blackman S., Salzman B. (1989). Using statistical risk information to assess oral contraceptive safety. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 3,251-260.
Halpern D. E, Hansen C, Riefer D. (1990). Analogies as an aid to comprehension and memory. Journal
of Educational Psychology, 82, 298-305. Halpern D. F., Irwin F. W. (1973). Selection of hypotheses as affected by their preference values. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 101, 105-108. Halpern D. E.,
Nummedal S. G. (Eds.). (1995). Psychologists teach critical thinking [Special Issue]. Teaching of
Psychology, 22. Hanson N. R. (1958). Patterns of discovery. Cambridge,
England: Cambridge University Press. Harman G. (1986). Change in view: Principles of reasoning.
Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Harris R. J. (1977). Comprehension and pragmatic implications in advertising. Journal of Applied Psychology, 62, 603-608. Harris S. B. (1993). The resurrection myth in religion, science, and science fiction. Skeptic, 2, 50-59. Hasher L., Zacks R. T. (1984). Automatic processing of fundamental information. American Psychologist, 39,1372-1388. Hayes J. R. (1978). Cognitive psychology. Homewood, IL: Dorsey.
Hayes J. R. (1982). Issues in protocol analysis. In G. R. Ungson & D. N. Braunstein (Eds.), Decision making: An interdisciplinary approach. Boston: Kent. Hayes J. R. (1989). Cognitive processes in creativity.
In J A. Glover, R. R. Ronning, & С R. Reynolds (Eds.), Handbook of creativity (pp. 135-145). New York:
Plenum.
Heiman M., Slomianko J. (1986). Critical thinking skills. Washington, DC: National Education
Association.
Heller /?., Sattzstein H. D., Caspe W. (1992). Heuristics in medical and non-medical decision-making.
The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, pp. 211-235. HenleM. (1962). On the relation between logic and thinking. Psychological Review, 69, 366-378. Hennessey B. A., Amabile Т . М. (1987). Creativity and learning. Washington, DC: National Education Association.
Hennessey B. A., Amabile T.M.(1988). The conditions of creativity. In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.), The nature of creativity: Contemporary psychological perspectives (pp. 11-38). Cambridge, MA: Cambridge
University Press. Herrmann D. J. (1991). Super memory. Emmaus, PA:
Rodale.
Herrmann D. J., Weingartner H., Searleman A., McE-voy C. L. (Eds.). (1992). Memory improvement:
Implications of memory theory. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Herrnstein R. J., Murray C. (1994). The bell curve: Intelligence and class structure in American life.
New York; The Free Press.
Herrnstein R. J., Nickerson R. S., Sanchez M., Swets J. A. (1986). Teaching thinking skills. American
Psychologist, 41, 1279-1289.
Hill P., Bedau H., Checile R., Crochetiere W., Kellerman В ., Dunjian D., Pauker S., Rubin J. (1979).
Making decisions: A multidisciplinary introduction. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Hitchcock D. (1983). Critical thinking: A guide to evaluating information. Toronto: Methuen.

Hogarth R. M. (1988). Judgment and choice: The psychology of decision (2nd ed.). Chichester, England:
Wiley.
Holland J. H., Holy oak K. J., Nisbett R. £., Thagard P. R. (1986). Induction: Processes of inference, learning, and discovery. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Holley C. D., Dansereau D. F. (1984). Networking: The technique and the empirical evidence. In C. D.
Holley & D. F. Dansereau (Eds.), Spatial learning strategies: Techniques, applications, and related issues
(pp. 81-108). New York: Academic Press.
Holley C. D., Dansereau D. F., McDonald B. A., Garland J. D., Collins K. W. (1979). Evaluation of a hierarchical mapping technique as an aid to prose processing. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 4,
227-237.
Holt J. (1964). How children fail. New York: Dell.
Holt J. (1989). Learning all the time. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Hostetler A. J. (1988, January). Army eyes novel learning methods. The American Psychological
Association Monitor, 19, 7.
Huff D. (1954). How to lie with statistics. New York: Norton.
Hunt E. (1989). Cognitive science: Definition, status, and questions. In M. R. Rosenzweig & L. W.
Porter (Eds.), Annual review of psychology, 40,603-630.
Hunt M. (1982). The universe within. A new science explores the human mind. New York: Simon &:
Schustec.
Hutchings P. (1986). Some late night thoughts on teaching creativity. American Association for Higher
Educawn, 39, 9-14.
Izawa С (1993). Efficient learning: The total time, exposure duration, frequency, and programming of the study phase. In С Izawa (Ed.), Cognitive psychology applied (pp. 43-78). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence
Erlbaum Associates.
Izawa C, Hayden R. G. (1993). Race against time: Toward the principle of optimization in learning and retention. In C. Izawa (Ed.), Cognitive psychology applied (pp. 15-42). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum
Associates.
Jacoby L. L., Kelley С. М ., Dywan, J. (1989). Memory attributions. In H. L. Roedinger & F. I M. Craik
(Eds.), Varietes of memory and consciousness: Essays in honor of Endel Tulving (pp. 391 -422). Hillsdale,
NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
James W. (1890). The principles of psychology New York: Holt.
Janis I. L. (1989). Crucial decisions: Leadership in policy making and crisis management. New York:
The Free Press.
Janis I. L., Mann L. (1977). Decision making: A psychological analysis of conflict, choice and commitment. New York: The Free Press.
Jason G. (1987). Are fallacies common? A look at two debates. lang=FR>Informal Logic, 8, 81-92.
Jensen A. R. lang=FR>(1980). Bias in mental testing. New York: The Free Press.
Jensen A. R. (1981). Straight talk about mental tests. New York: The Free Press.
Johnson M. K., Raye C. L. (1981). Reality monitoring. lang=FR>Psychological Review, 88,67-85.
Johnson-Laird P. N.. Byrric R. M. J. (1991). Deduction. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Johnson-Laird P. N.. Legrenzi P., Legrenzi M. (1972). Reasoning and a sense of reality. British Journal
of Psychology. 63, 395-400.
Johnson-Laird P. N., Wason P. C. (1970). A theoretical analysis of insight into a reasoning task.
Cognitive Psychology, 1, 134-148.
Johnson-Laird P. N., Wason P. С (Eds). (1977). Thinking Readings in cognitive science. Cambridge,
England: Cambridge University Press.
Kahane H. (1980). Logic and contemporary rhetoric: The use of reason in everyday life (2nd ed.). Bel- mont, CA: Wadsworth.
Kahane H. (1992). Logic and contemporary rhetoric: The use of reason in everyday life (6th ed.). Bel- mont, CA: Wadsworth.
Kahneman D., Tver sky A. (1973). On the psychology of prediction. Psychological Review, 80, 237-251.
Kahneman D., Tversky A. (1979). Prospect theory: An analysis of decision under risk. Econometrica, 47,
263-291.
Kamin L. J. (1974). The science and politics of IQ. New York: Wiley.
Kavanaugh D. J., Bower G. H. (1985). Mood and self-efficacy: Impact of joy and sadness on perceived capabilities. Cognitive Therapy & Research, 9, 507-525.
Kelley D. (1988). The art of reasoning. New York: Norton.
Kellogg R. T. (1990, Fall). Effectiveness of prewriting strategies as a function of task demands. American
Journal of Psychology, pp. 327-342.
Kidd V. (1991, Fall). An analysis of the California tobacco education campaign's visual anti-smoking messages. Feedback, 32,14-18.

Kimble G. A. (1978). How to use (and misuse) statistics. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
King A. (1989). Effects of self-questioning training on college students' comprehension of lectures.
Contemporary Educational Psychology, 14, 1-16.
King A. (1992). Facilitating elaborative learning through guided student-generated questioning.
Educational Psychologist, pp. 111-126.
King A. (1994). Inquiry as a tool in critical thinking. In D. F. Halpern (Ed.), Changing college classrooms: New teaching and learning strategies in an increasingly complex world (pp. 13-38). San
Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
King A. (1995). Inquiring minds really do want to know: Using questioning to teach critical thinking. In
D. F. Halpern & S. G. Nummedal (Eds.), Psychologists teach critical thinking [Special issue]. Teaching of
Psychology, 22,13-17.
Klaczynski P. A. (1993). Reasoning schema effects on adolescent rule acquisition and transfer. Journal of
Educational Psychology, 85, 679-692.
Klein G. A., WeizenfeldJ. (1978). Improvement of skills for solving ill-defined problems. Educational
Psychologist, 13, 31-41.
Kneller G. F. (1965). The art and science of creativity. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
Knight K., Dansereau D. F. (1992). Tools for drug and alcohol education: Using decision worksheets in personal problem solving. Journal of Drug Education, 22(3), 261-271.
Koestler A. (1964). The act of creation. London: Hutch-inson.
Kohl H. (1981). A book of puzzlements: Play and invention with language. New York: Schocken Books.
Kohler W. (1925). The mentality of apes. New York: Harcourt, Brace.
Kohler W. (1969). The task of Gestalt psychology. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Koriat A., Lihtenstein S., Fischhoff B. (1980). Reasons for confidence. Journal of Experimental
Psychology. Human Learning and Memory, 6,107-118.
Kruglanski A. W. (1992). On methods of good judgment and good methods of judgment: Political decisions and the art of the possible. Political Psychology, 13,455-475.
Kuhn D. (1993, January). Connecting scientific and informal reasoning. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, pp.
74-103.
Kuhn D., Weinstock M., Flaton R. (1994). How well do jurors reason? Competence dimensions of individual variation in a juror reasoning task. Psychological Science, 5, 289-Kunda Z., Nisbett R. E. (1986).
The psychometrics of everyday life. Cognitive Psychology, 18,195-224.
LangerE. J. (1989). Mindfulness. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley
Langer E. (1994, July). Improving the quality of thinking in a changing world. Paper presented at the
Sixth International Conference on Thinking, Cambridge, MA.
LangerE. J., Blank A., Chanowitz B. (1978). The mind-lessness of ostensibly thoughtful action: The role of «placebic» information in interpersonal interaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36,
635-642.
Langley P., Simon H. A., Bradshaw G. L., Zytkow J. M. (1987). Scientific discovery: Computational explorations of the creative process. Cambridge. MA: "MIT Press.
LangrehrS. (1990) Sharing thinking strategies. Bloom-ington, IN: National Educational Service.
Larrick R. P., Morgan J. N.. Nisbett R. E. (1990). Teaching the use of cost-benefit reasoning in everyday life. Psychological Science, 1, 362-370.
Lee A.M. (1 953). How to understand propaganda. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Company.
Leedy P. D. (1981). How to read research and understand it. New York: Macmillan.
Lehman D. R., Lempert R. 0., Nisbett R. E. (1988). The effects of graduate training on reasoning: Formal discipline and thinking about everyday-life events. American Psychologist, pp. 431-442.
Lehman D. R., Nisbett R. E. (1990). A longitudinal study of the effects of undergraduate training on reasoning. Developmental Psychology, 26,431-442.
Leive C. (1994, April). Miss America. Glamour, pp. 234-237,275-281.
Levi D. S. (1991). Critical thinking and logic. Salem, WI: Sheffield.
Levine M. (1994). Effective problem solving (2nd ed.) Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Lewis А . В., Mayer R. E. (1987). Students' miscomprehension of relational statements in arithmetic word problems. Journal of Educational Psychology, 79, 363-371.
Lichtenstein S., Slovic P., Fischoff В., Layman M., Combs B. (1978). Judged frequency of lethal events.
Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Learning and Memory, 4, 551-578.
Lister P. (1992, July). A skeptics guide to psychics. Redbook, pp. 103-105, 112-113.
Little L. W., Greenberg I. (1991) Problem solving, critical thinking, and communication skills New
York: Longman.
Lochhead J. Clement J. (Eds.). (1979). Cognitive process instruction: Research on teaching thinking skills. Philadelphia: Franklin Institute Press.

Lockhart R. S., Lamon M., Gick M. L. (1988). Conceptual transfer in simple insight problems. Memory
and Cognition, 16, 36-44.
Loftus E. F. (1979). Eyewitness testimony. Cambridge, MA; Harvard University Press.
Loftus E. F. (1980). Memory: Surprising new insights into how we remember and why we forget.
Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Loftus E. F. (1993). The reality of repressed memories. American Psychologist, 44,518—537.
Loftus E. R, Ketchum K. (1994). The myth of repressed memory: False memories and the accusations of sexual abuse. New York: St. Martin's Press.
Loftus G.R., Loftus E. F. (1982). Essence of statistics. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole.
The Long Term View. (1994. Summer). Has American education forsaken critical thinking? [Special issue]. (Vol. 2, No. 3). Andover: Massachusetts School of Law.
Lopes L. L. (1982). Doing the impossible: A note on induction and the experience of randomness.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning. Memory & Cognition, 8, 626-636.
Lorayne H. (1975). Remembering people. New York: Stein & Day.
Lorayne H., Lucas J. (1974). The memory book. New York: Stein & Day. (Also published in paperback by Ballantine Books, 1975)
Lord C, Ross L., Leppet M. (1979). Biased assimilation and attitude polarization: The effects of prior theories on subsequently considered evidence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 2098-
2109.
Lowenfeld V. (1962). Creativity: Education's stepchild. In S., J. Parnes & H. F. Harding (Eds.), A source book for creative thinking. New York: Scribner's.
Luchins A. S. (1942). Mechanization in problem solving: The effect of Einstellung. Psychological
Monographs, 54(6, Whole No. 248).
Macmillan Publishers (1989). Macmillan dictionary of quotations. New York: Author.
Maier N. R. F. (1931). Reasoning in humans II: The solution of a problem and its appearance in consciousness. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 12,181-194.
Mann L. (1972). Use of a «balance sheet» procedure to improve the quality of personal decision making:
A field experiment with college applicants. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 2, 291-300.
Marsh J. G., Shapira Z. (1982). Behavioral decision theory and organizational decision theory. In G.
R.Ungson, & D. N. Braunstein (Eds.), Decision making: An interdisciplinary inquiry. Boston, MA: Kent.
Matlin M. (1994). Cognition (3rd. ed.). Orlando, FL: Harcourt Brace.
Mayer R. E. (1987). Educational psychology A cognitive approach. Boston: Little, Brown.
Mayer R. E. (1992). Teaching of thinking skills in the sciences and mathematics. In D. F. Halpern (Ed.),
Enhancing thinking skills in Ihe sciences and mathematics (pp. 95-116). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Er-lbaum
Associates.
McCormick С . В., Levin I. R. (1987). Mnemonic prose-learning strategics. In M. A. McDaniel & M.
Press-ley (Eds.), Imagery and related mnemonic processes (pp. 392-406). New York: Springer-Verlag.
McGuire W. /. (1981). The probabilogical model of cognitive structure and attitude change. In R. E.
Petty, Т. М . Ostrom, & Т. С Brock (Eds.), Cognitive responses in persuasion. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence
Erlbaum Associates.
McKeachie W. J. (1992). Update: Teaching thinking. In D. J. Stroup and R. Allen (Eds.), Critical thinking: A collection of readings (p. 3). Dubuque, IA: Brown.
McKim R. H. (1980). Thinking visually: A strategy manual for problem solving. Belmont, CA: Wad- sworth.
McKinnon J. W., Renner J. W. (1971). Are colleges concerned with intellectual development? American
Journal of Psychology. 39, 1047-1McTighe J. (1986). Thinking about adolescent thinking. The early adolescence magazine, 1,7-13.
Mednick S. A., Mednick M. T. (1967). Remote associates test: Examiners manual. Boston: Houghton
Mifflin.
Meirovitz M. (1985). ThinkAbility. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Merron K., Fisher D., Torbert W. R. (1987). Meaning making and management action. Croup &
Organization Studies, 12, 274-286.
Messer W. S., Griggs R. A. (1989). Student belief and involvement in the paranormal and performance in introductory psychology. Teaching of Psychology, 16(4), 187-191.
Miller J. £., Jr. (1972). Words, self, reality: The rhetoric of imagination. New York: Dodd, Mead.
Milne A. A. (1926). Winnie the Pooh. New York: Dutton.
Moore B. N., Parker R. (1994). Critical thinking (4th ed.). Mountain View, CA: Mayfield.
Morgan J. J. В ., Morton J. T. (1944). The distortion of syllogistic: reasoning produced by personal convictions. Journal of Social Psychology, 20, 39-59.
Moss J. (1950). How to win at poker. Garden City, NY: Garden City Books.

Mumford M. D., Gustafson S. B. (1988). Creativity syndrome: Integration, application, and innovation.
Psychological Bulletin, 103, 27-43.
Munby И . (1982). Science in the schools. Toronto: University of Toronto.
Munson R. (1976). The way of words. Boston: Hough-ton Mifflin.
Myers D. G. (1995). Psychology. New York: Worth.
Mynatt C. R., DohertyM. £., Twewy R. D. (1978). Consequences of confirmation and disconfirmation in a simulated research environment Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 30, 395-406.
Narode R., Heiman M., Lochhead J., Slomianko J. (1987). Teachingthinkingskills; Science. Washington,
DC: National Education Association.
National Commission on Excellence in Education. (1983). A nation at risk: The imperative for educational reform. Washington, DC: Author.
National Education Goals Panel. (1991). The national education goals report: Building a nation of learners. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
National Research Council. (1994). Learning, remembering, believing: Enhancing human performance.
Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
NeisserU. (1982). Memory observed: Remembering in natural contexts. San Francisco; Freeman.
Nelson Т . О. (Ed.). (1992). Metacognition: Core readings. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Nelson T. O., Narens L. (1990). Metamemory: A theoretical framework and new findings. The psychology of learning and motivation, 26, 125-141.
Neubert G. A., Binko, J. B. (1992). Inductive reasoning in the secondary classroom. Washington, DC:
National Education Association.
Neustadt R. £., May E. R. (1986). Thinking in time: The uses of history for decision makers. New York:
The Free Press.
Newell A. (1983). The heuristic of George Polya and its relation to artificial intelligence. In R. Groner,
M. Groner & W. F. Bischof (Eds.), Methods of heuristics (pp. 195-243). Hillsdale, N1: Lawrence Er-Ibaum
Associates.
Newell A., Simon H. A. (1972). Human problem solving. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Nickerson R. S. (1986). Reflections on reasoning. Hills-dale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Nickerson R. S. (1987). Why teach thinking? In J. B. Baron &. R. J. Sternberg (Eds.), Teaching thinking skills: Theory and practice (pp. 27-37). New York: Freeman.
Nlckerson R. S., Adams M. J. (1979). Long-term memory for a common object. Cognitive Psychology,
11,287-307.
The nightly crime news. (1994, March 21). Newsweek, p. 71.
Nisbett R. E. (Ed.). (1993). Rules for reasoning. Hills-dale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Nisbett R. E., Ross L. (1980). Human inference: Strategies and shortcomings of social judgment. Engle- wood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Nisbett R. £., Wilson T. D. (1977). Telling more than we can know: Verbal reports on mental processes.
Psychological Review, 7, 231-259. ' Nixon R M. (1962). Six crises, Garden City, NY: Dou-bleday.
Norman D. A. (1976). Memory and attention: An introduction to human information processing. New
York: Wiley.
Norman D. A. (1988). The psychology of everyday things. New York: Basic Books.
Norris S. P. (1992). Introduction: The generalizability question. In S. P. Norris (Ed.), The generalizability of critical thinking (pp. 1-15). New York: Teachers College Press.
Norris S. P., Ennis R. H. (1989). Evaluating critical thinking. Pacific Grove, CA: Critical Thinking Press
& Software.
Nutrition Action Health Letter. (1991, July/Aug) Eater's Digest, p. 13.
Oppenheimer J. R. (1956). Analogy in science. American Psychologist, 11,127-135.
Ortho Pharmaceutical Corp. (1979). The pill-After your doctor prescribes. ... Raritan, NJ: Author.
Orwell G. (1949). 1984. New York: Harcourt, Brace.
Osborn A. F. (1963). Applied imagination: Principles and procedures of creative problem solving (3rd rev. ed.). New York: Scribner's.
Osgood С . Е. (1953). Method and theory in experimental psychology. New York: Oxford University
Press.
Oskamp S. (1965). Overconfidence in case-study judgments. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 29, 261-
265.
Palincsar A. S., Brown A. L. (1984). Reciprocal-teaching of comprehension-monitoring activities.
Cognition and Instruction, 1, 117-175.
Papanek V. J. (1977). Tree of life: Bionics. In S. J. Par-nes, R. B. Noller, &: A. M. Biondi (Eds.), Guide to creative action: Revised edition of creative behavior guidebook. New York: Scribner's.
Parducci A. (1968). The relativism of absolute judgments. Scientific American, 219, 84-90.

Park D. С (1992). Applied cognitive aging research. In F. I. M, Craik, & T. A. Salthouse (Eds.), The handbook of aging and cognition (pp. 449-494). Hills-dale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Parnes S. J. (1967). Creative behavior workbook. New York: Scribner's.
Parnes S. J., Noller R. В., Biondi A. M. (1977). Guide to creative action: Revised edition of creative behavior guidebook. New York: Scribner's.
Patterson M. E., Dansereau D. F., Wiegmann D. A. (1993). Receiving information during a cooperative episode: Effects of communication aids and verbal ability, Learning and Individual differences, 5, 1-11.
Paulos J. A. (1994, March). Commentary: Countingon dyscalculia. Discover, p. 30-36.
Payne I. W, Bettman J. R., Johnson E. J. (1993). The adaptive decision maker, Cambridge, England:
Cambridge University Press.
Pea R. D.
t
Hawkins J. (1987). Planning in a chore-scheduling task. In S. L. Friedman, E. K. Scholnick, &
R. R. Cocking (Eds.), Blueprints for thinking: The role of planning in cognitive development (pp. 273-
302). Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
Peck J. (1986). Not killing is a crime? In B. Lown & E. Chazov (Eds.), Peace: A dream unfolding (p.
146). Ontario, Canada: Somerville House Books Ltd.
PellegrinoJ. W., Goldman S. R. (1983). Developmental and individual differences in verbal and spatial reasoning. In R. F. Dillon & R. R. Schmeck (Eds.), Individual differences in cognition (pp. 137-180). New
York: Academic.
Perfetto C. A., Bransford J. D., Franks J. J. (1983). Constraints on access in a problem solving context.
Memory & Cognition, 13, 24-31.
Perkins D. N. (1981). The mind's best work: A new psychology of creative thinking. Cambridge, MA:
Harvard University Press.
Perkins D. N. (1985). Postprimary education has little impact on informal reasoning, Journal of
Educational Psychology, 77, 562-571.
Perkins D. N. (1986). Knowledge as design. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Perkins D.N.(\ 988). Creativity and the quest for mechanism. In R. J. Sternberg & E. E. Smith (Eds.),
Psychology of human thought. New York: Cambridge.
Perkins D. N.. Lochhead J., Bishop J. С (Eds.). (1987). Thinking. The second international conference.
Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Pestel В . С (1993). Teaching problem solving without modeling through «Thinking Aloud Pair Problem
Solving.» Science Education, 77(1), 83-94.
Phillips И . (1961). My best puzzles in logic and reasoning. New York: Dover.
Piper D. (1985). Syllogistic reasoning in varied narrative contexts: Aspects of logical and linguistic development. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 14, 19-43.
Pitt J., Leavenworth R. (1968). Logic for argument. New York: Random House.
Pious S. (1993). The psychology of judgment and decision making. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Pogrow S. (1992). A validated approach to thinking development for at-risk populations. In С Collins &:
J. N, Mangieri (Eds.), Teaching thinking: An agenda for the 21 st century (pp. 87-101). Hillsdale, NJ;
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Poincare H. (1929). The foundations of science. New York: Science House.
Polya G. (1945). How to solve it: A new aspect of mathematical method. New York: Doubleday.
Polya G. (1957). How to solve it: A new aspect of mathematical method (2nd ed.). Garden City, NY:
Dou-bleday.
Polya G. (1962). Mathematical discovery (Volume 1). New York: Wiley.
PosnerM. I. (1973). Cognition: An introduction. Glen-view, IL: Scott, Foresman.
Postman N., Powers S. (1992). How to watch TV news. New York Penguin.
Potts G. R. (1972). Information processing strategies used in the encoding of linear orderings. Journal of
Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 11, 727-740.
Powell D. (1985). The wisdom of the novel: A dictionary of quotations. New York: Garland.
Pratkanis A., Aronson E. (1992). Age of propaganda: The everyday use and abuse of persuasion. New
York: Freeman.
Prince G. M. (1970). The practice of creativity. New York: Harper.
Quattrone G. A., Jones E. E. (1980). The perception of variability within in-groups and out-groups:
Implications for the law of small numbers. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 38, 141-152.
Raia E. (1994, June 2) Russian style. Purchasing, pp. 28-29.
RAND Corporation. (1992, Fall). Health care and the uninsured: Who will pay? RAND Research Review,
XVI, 6-8.
Raphael B. (1976). The thinking computer: Mind inside matter. San Francisco: Freeman.
Renshon S. A . (1992). The psychology of good judgment: A preliminary model with some applications to the Gulf War. Political Psychology, 13, 477-495.

Resnick L. B. (1985). Cognition and instruction. In B. L. Hammonds (Ed.), Psychology and learning: The master lecture series (pp. 127-186). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Restak R. M. (1988). The mind. Toronto: Bantam.
Reyes R. M. Thompson, W. C, Bower, G. H. (1980)? Judgmental biases resulting from differing availabilities of arguments. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39, 2-12.
Rips L J. (1988). Deduction. In R. J. Sternberg & E. E. Smith (Eds.), The psychology of human thought,
(pp. 116-152). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Roediger H. L. Ill (1990). Implicit memory: Retention without remembering. American Psychologist, 45,
1043-1056.
Rokeach M. (1960). The open and closed mind. New York: Basic Books.
Rosch E. (1977). Human categorization. In N. Warren (Ed.), Studies m cross-cultural psychology (Vol.
1). New York: Academic Press.
Rosenthal R., Fode K. L (1963). The effect of experimental bias on the performance of the albino rat.
Behavioral Science, 8, 183-187.
Ross J., Laurence K. A. (1968). Some observations on memory artifice. Psychonomic Science, 13,107-
108.
Rothenberg A. (1979). The emerging goddess. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Rubinstein J., Slife В . D. (1982). Taking sides: Clashing views on controversial psychological issues.
Guilford, CT: Dushkin.
Rubinstein M. F. (1975). Patterns of problem solving. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Rubinstein Af. /*".(1980). A decade of experience in teaching an interdisciplinary problem-solving course. In D. J. Tuma & F. Reif (Eds.), Problem solving and education: Issues in teaching and research.
Hillsdale. NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Rubinstein M. R., PfeifferK. R. (1980). Concepts in problem solving. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-
Hall.
Ruggiero V. R. (1995). Beyond feelings; A guide to critical thinking (4th ed.). Mountain View, CA:
Mayfi-etd. Sadler, W. A., Jr., & Whimbey, A. (November, 1985). A holistic approach to improving thinking skills. Phi Delta Kappan, 67, 199-202.
Sapir E. (1960). Culture, language and personality. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Schafly P. (1993, July 21). A mental health care nightmare. The Washington Times, (p. G4).
Schank R. C, Childers R. C. (1988). The creative attitude: Learning to ask and answer the right questions.
New York: Macmillan.
Schauble L., Glaser R. (1990). Scientific thinking in children and adults, in D. Kuhn (Series Ed., Vol.
Ed). Contributions to Human Development: Vol. 21. Developmental perspectives on teaching and learning thinking skills (pp. 9-27). New York: Basel, Karger.
Schick Т ., Jr., Vaughn L. (1995). How to think about weird things. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield.
Schoenfeld A H. (1979). Can heuristics be taught? In J. Lochhead & J. Clement (Eds.), Cognitive process instruction: Research on teaching skills. Philadelphia: Franklin Institute Press.
Schoenfeld A. H. (1985). Mathematical problem solving. New York: Academic Press.
Schoenfeld A. H., Herrmann D. J. (1982). Problem perception and knowledge structure in expert and novice mathematical problem solvers. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and
Cognition, 5, 484-494.
Scholnick E. K., Friedman S. L. (1987). The planning construct in the psychological literature. In S. L.
Friedman, E. K. Scholnick & R. R. Cocking (Eds.), Blueprints for thinking: The role of planning in cognitive development (pp. 3-38). Cambridge. MA: Cambridge University Press.
ScrivenM. (1976). Reasoning. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Searleman A., Herrmann D. (1994). Memory from a broader perspective. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Sears A., Parsons J. (1991). Towards critical thinking as an ethic. Theory and Research in Social
Education, 19(1), 45-68.
Seech Z. (1993). Open minds and everyday reasoning. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Segal /. W., Chipman S. E, Glaser R. (Eds.). (1985). Thinking and learning skills: Vol. I. Relating instruction to research. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Seligman M. (1991). Learned optimism. New York: Knopf.
Shaklee H. (1987, November). Estimating cumulative risk: Flood and contraceptive failure. Paper presented at the Twenty-Eighth Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Seattle, WA.
Shanteau J., Grier M., Johnson /., Bemer E. (1991). Teaching decision-making skills to student nurses.
In J. Baron & R. V. Brown (Eds.), Teaching decision making to adolescents (pp. 185-206). Hills-dale, NJ:
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Shaver K. G. (1981). Principles of social psychology. Cambridge, MA: Winthrop.
Shaw G. A., de Mers S. T. (1986-1987). Relationships between imagery and creativity in high-IQ children. Imagination, Cognition & Personality, 6(3), 247-262.

Shermer M. (1992). Anecdotes do not make a science: The skeptics reply. Skeptic, 1, 18-19.
Shubik M. (1971). The dollar auction game: A paradox in noncooperative behavior and escalation.
Journal of Conflict Resolution, 15, 109-111.
Siegel E. (1991, May). Persuasion and decision-making. APS Observer, p. 8.
Simon H. A. (1977). The psychology of scientific problem solving. In H. A. Simon (Ed.), Models of discovery. Dordrecht, Netherlands: D. Reidel.
Simon H. A., Kaplan С A. (1989). In M. I. Posner (Ed.), Foundations of cognitive sciences (pp. 1 -47).
Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Simonson /., Nowlis, S. M., Simonson, Y. (1993). The effect of irrelevant preference arguments on consumer choice. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 2, 287-306.
Singer В ., Benassi V. A. (1981). Occult beliefs. American Scientist, 69, 49-55.
Sinnott J. D. (Ed.). (1989). Everyday problem solving: Theory and applications. New York: Praeger.
Skeptic. (1995). Race and IQ.3.
Slovic P. (1987). Perception of risk- Science, 236, , 280-285.
Slovic P., Fischhoff, Lichtenstein S. (1986). In H. Arkes & K. R. Hammond (Eds.), Judgment and decision making; An interdisciplinary reader. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
Smedslund J. (1963). The concept of correlation in adults. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 44, 165-
173.
Smith L. (1992, June 2). Rick's place revisited. The Los Angeles Times, p. Al.
Smith M. U. (1992). Expertise and the organization of knowledge: Unexpected differences among genetic counselors faculty, and students on problem categorization tasks. Journal of Research in Science
Teaching, 29(2), 179-205.
Smith M. U. (1988). Successful and unsuccessful problem solving in classical genetic pedigrees. Journal
of Research in Science Teaching. 25(6), 411-433.
Smith R. A. (1995). Challenging your perceptions: Thinking critically about psychology. Pacific Grove,
CA: Brooks/Cole.
Smith S. M., Btankenship S. Я. (1991). Incubation and the persistence of fixation in problem solving.
American journal of Psychology, 104(1), 61-87.
Snow R. E. (1986). Individual differences and the design of educational programs. American
Psychologist ,41, 1029-1034.
Snydei M., Uranowitz S. W. (1978). Reconstructing the past: Some cognitive consequences of person perception. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36,941-950.
Solorzano L. (1985, January 14). Think! Now schools are teaching how. U.S. News & World Report.
Sorensen Т . С (1965). Kennedy. New York: Harper & Row.
Sparke W, Taines В., Sidell S. (1975). Doublespeak: Language for sale. New York; Harper's College
Press.
Spirer L., Spirer L. (1994). Data analysis for monitoring human rights. Annapolis Junction. MD: AAAS
Distribution Center.
Stahl N. N., Stahl R. J. (1991). We can agree after all! Achieving consensus for a critical thinking component of a gifted program using the Delphi Technique. Roeper Review, 14(2), 79-88.
Stanovich К . E. (1992). How to think straight about psychology (3nd ed.). New York: HarperCollins.
Steen L. A. (1987). Mathematics education: A predictor of scientific competitiveness. Science, 237, 251-
252.
Stein M. I. (1974). Stimulating creativity: Individual procedures (Vol. I). New York: Academic Press.
Stein M. I. (1975). Stimulating creativity: Group procedures (Vol. II). New York: Academic Press.
Sternberg R. J. (1977). Component processes in analogical reasoning. Psychological Review, 84, 353-
373.
Sternberg R. J. (1981). Intelligence and nonentrench-ment. Journal of Educational Psychology, 73, 1-16.
Sternberg R. J. (1982). Who's intelligent? Psychology Today, 16,30-33,35-39.
Sternberg R. J. (1985). Instrumental and componential approaches to the nature and training of intelligence. In S. F. Chipman, J. W. Segal, & R. Glaser (Eds.), Thinking and learning skills: Vol. 2.
Research and open questions. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Sternberg R. J. (1986). Intelligence applied: Understanding and increasing your intellectual skills. New
York: Harcourt Brace.
Sternberg R. J. (Ed.). (1988). The nature of creativity. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Sternberg R. J., Frensch P. A. (Eds.). (1991). Complex problem solving: Principles and mechanisms.
Hills-dale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Sternberg R. J., Lubart T. (1995). Defying the crowd: Cultivating creativity in a culture of conformity.
New York: The Free Press.

Sternberg R. J., Smith E. E. (1988). (Eds.). The psychology of human thought. New York: Cambridge
University Press.
Sternberg R. J., Wagner R. K. (Eds.). (1986). Practical intelligence: Nature and origins of competence in the everyday world. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Sternberg R.J., Well E.M. (1980). An aptitude-strategy interaction in linear syllogistic reasoning. Journal of Educational Psychology, 72, 226-234.
Stewart J. K. (1985). From the director. National Institute of Justice: Research in brief. Washington, DC:
U.S. Department of Justice.
Stroup D. J., Alien R. D. (Eds.). (1992). Critical thinking: A collection of readings. Dubuque, IA: Brown.
Summers G. J. (1968). New puzzles in logical deduction. New York: Dover.
Summers C. J. (1972). Test your logic: 50 puzzles in deductive reasoning. New York: Dover
Swartz R J., Parks S. (1994). Infusing the teaching of critical and creative thinking into elementary instruction. Pacific Grove, CA: Critical Thinking Press.
Taplin J. £., Staudenmayer H. (1973). Interpretation of abstract conditional sentences in deductive reasoning. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 12,530-542.
Tardif T. Z., Sternberg R. J. (1988). What do we know about creativity? In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.), The nature of creativity: Contemporary psychological perspectives (pp 429-440). New York: Cambridge
University Press.
TegerA. I. (1979). Too much invested to quit: The psychology of escalation of conflict. New York:
Perga-mon.
Tetlock P. E. (1994). The psychology of futurology and the future of psychology. Psychological Science,
5, 1-4.
Thomas S. N. (1986). Practical reasoning in natural language (3rd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-
Hall.
Thouless R. H. (1932). Straight and crooked thinking. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Thouless R. H. (1939). Tests of logical reasoning: How to think straight. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Tinzman M., Jones B. F., Pierce /. (1992). Changing societal needs: Changing how we think about curriculum and instruction. In C. Collins and J. N. Mangeri (Eds.), Teaching thinking: An agenda for the
21st century (pp. 185-220). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Toulmin S., Rieke R., JanikA. (1979). An introduction to reasoning. New York Macmillan.
Tulving E. (1972): Episodic and semantic memory. In E. Tulving & W. Donaldson (Eds.), Organization of memory. NY: Academic Press.
Tuma D. J., Reif F. (Eds.). (1980). Problem solving and education: Issues in teaching and research.
Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Turing A. (1950). Computing machinery and intelligence. Mind, 59, 433-460.
Tutu D. (1986). How to eat an elephant. In B. Lown & E. Chazov (Eds.), Peace: A dream unfolding (p.
216). Ontario: Somerville House Books Ltd.
Tversky A. (1972). Elimination by aspects. A theory of choice. Psychological Review, 79, 281-299.
Tversky A., Kahneman D. (1971). Belief in the law of small numbers. Psychological Bulletin, 76, 104-
110.
Tversky A., Kahneman D. (1974). Judgment under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases. Science, 185, 1124-
1131.
TV linked to memory, radio to imagination. (1988, July 25). The Los Angeles Times, Part II, p. 3
Tversky A., Kahneman D. (1981). The framing of decisions and the psychology of choice. Science, 211,
453-58.
Tversky A., Kahneman D. (1983). Extensional versus intuitive reasoning: The conjunction fallacy in probability judgment. Psychological Review, 90, 293-315.
Vancouver Community Business Directory. (1987). Pink Pages. Advertising, Ltd.
Van Haneghan J., Barron L., YoungM., Williams S., Vye N.. Bransford J. (1992). The Jasper series: An experiment with new ways to enhance mathematical thinking. In D. F. Halpern (Ed.), Enhancing thinking skills in the sciences and mathematics (pp. 15-38). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
VanLehnK. (1989). Problem solving and cognitive skill acquisition. In M. Posner (Ed.), The foundations of cognitive science (pp. 527-580). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Vaughan J. L. (1984). Concept structuring: The technique and empirical evidence. In С D. Holley & D.
F. Dansereau (Eds.), Spatial learning strategies: Techniques, applications, and related issues (pp. 127-147).
New York: Academic Press.
Vernon P. (1970). Creativity: Selected readings. Har-mondsworth, England: Penguin. von Oech, R. (1983). A whack on the side of the head. New York: Warner Books.
VosniadouS., OrotonyA. (Eds.). (1989). Similarity and analogical reasoning. Cambridge, England:
Cambridge University Press.
Walberg F. (1980). Puzzle thinking. Philadelphia: Franklin Institute Press.

Wales С . Е., NardiA. (1984). Successful Decision-Making Morgantown, WV: Center for Guided
Design.
Wallas G. (1926). The art of thought. New York: Har-court Brace.
Walsh J. (1981). A plenipotentiary for human intelligence. Science, 214, 640-641.
Wandersman A. H., Mailman W. K. (1993). Are people acting irrationally? Understanding public concerns about environmental threats. American Psychologist, 48, 681-686.
Wang P. (1994, October). How to retire with twice as much money. Money, pp. 77-84.
Wanous J. P. (1973). Effects of a realistic job preview on job acceptance, job attitudes, and job survival.
Journal of Applied Psychology, 58, 327-332. '
Wason Р .СЛ1 960). On the failure to eliminate hypotheses in a conceptual task. Quarterly Journal of
Experimental Psychology, 12, 129-140,
Wason P. С (1968). On the failure to eliminate hypotheses: A second look. In P. C. Wason & P. N.
Johnson-Laird (Eds.), Thinking and reasoning. Baltimore: Penguin.
Wason P. C. (1969). Structure simplicity and psychological complexity. Bulletin of the British
Psychological Society, 22, 281-284.
Wason F. C, Johnson-Laird P. N. (Eds.). (1968). Thinking and reasoning. Harmondsworth, England:
Penguin.
Wason R. C, Johnson-Laird P. N. (1972). Psychology of reasoning. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University
Press.
Weber R. J., Perkins D. N. (Eds.). (1992). Inventive minds: Creativity in technology. New York: Oxford
University Press.
Weisberg R. W. (1988). Problem solving and creativity. In R. J. Sternberg (Ed,), The nature of creativity:
Contemporary psychological perspectives (pp. 148-177). New York. Cambridge University Press.
Weisberg R. W. (1993). Creativity: Beyond the myth of genius. New York: Freeman.
Weisberg R., DiCamillo M., Phillips D. (1978). Transferring old associations to new situations: A nonau- tomatic process, Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 17, 219-228.
WertheimerM. (1959). Productive thinking (2nd Ed.). New York: Harper.
Wheeler D. D., Janis I. L. (1980). A practical guide for making decisions. New York: The Free Press.
Wheeler D. L. (1994, March 16). Chronicle of Higher Education, pp. A41-A43.
Whimbey A. (1976). Intelligence can be taught. New York Bantam.
WhimbeyA., LochheadJ. (1982). Problem solving and comprehension: A short course in analytic reasoning. Philadelphia: Franklin Institute Press.
Whitehead A. N., Russell B. (1927). Principa mathematics (2nd. ed.). New York: Cambridge University
Press.
Whiting С S. (1958). Creative thinking. New York: Reinhold.
WhorfB. (1956). Language, thought, and reality. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Wickelgren W. (1974). How to solve problems. San Francisco: Freeman.
Wicker A . W. (1981). Getting out of our conceptual ruts: Strategies for generating new perspectives on familiar research problems. Paper presented at the 1981 annual convention of the Western Psychological
Association, Los Angeles.
Wilson /?., Crouch E. A. C. (1987). Risk assessment and comparisons: An introduction. Science, 286,
267-270.
Wilson T. D., Nisbett R. E. (1978). The accuracy of verbal reports about the effects of stimuli on evaluations and behavior. Social Psychology, 41, 118-131.
Wright G., Bolger F. (1992). Expertise and decision support. New York: Plenum.
Nates J. F. (1990) Judgment and decision making. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Zimbardo P. G., Leippe M. R. (1991). The psychology of attitude change and social influence. New
York: McGraw-Hill.
Дайана Халперн
Психология критического мышления
Серия: Мастера психологии
Издательство: Питер, 2000 г.
Твердый переплет, 512 стр.
ISBN 5-314-00122-5, 0-8058-0295-9
Тираж: 5000 экз.
Формат: 84x104/32 переводчики: Н. Мальгина, С. Рысев, Лариса Царук
1   ...   44   45   46   47   48   49   50   51   52

перейти в каталог файлов
связь с админом